a housewife. When her husband, Edward Driscoll, died unexpectedly,leaving her with meager resources, she returned to the studio. In anunlikely business decision, Tiffany established the Women’s Glass Cutting Department and put Clara in charge of six female employees, thusbreaking the male monopoly in the business. As she carved out a life forherself outside marriage and family, Clara embodied the New Woman,characterized by independence, earning power, and engagement in theurban experience. Two years later, she was “major general,” as she calledherself, of thirty-five female employees. As a skilled businesswoman, sheunderstood the cost of production, handled the pressure of creating new,commercially viable designs, and dealt with the problems of managingThe Tiffany Girls on the roof of Tiffany Studios, c. 1904–1905, the Charles HosmerMorse Museum of American Art, Winter Park, Florida, © Charles Hosmer MorseFoundation, Inc.