the social order that had fostered the slaughter of his generation; he condemned the false pretext of cultural progress and the smug central roles
of philosophy, technology, and science in society. The only answer to
this pseudocivilization and its false ideologies was a new anti-art that
proclaimed, “Meaning resides in the meaningless.” Ball opened Cabaret Voltaire, a satirical nightclub in Zurich, and launched a magazine
called Dada, a word selected at random from a dictionary. The movement
sought to break down the barriers and outmoded language of established
art, dispensing with conventions of style, subject, and medium.
Okanoue, Toshiko, Fantasy, 1953, photomontage, courtesy of the Third Gallery Aya