crucial role of dreams in the formation of some the most interesting art
of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries.
Artist Max Ernst, who served during the First World War, said of his
experience, “The hearts of all of us were full of rage at the idea of sacrificing our wonderful lives—whether we wanted to or not—for something trebly pointless: God, the Emperor, the Fatherland.” Many who had
served in the war were not as lucky as Ernst; they either were wounded
or never returned home. A new art emerged from the fear that enveloped
Europe during this time. In his 1916 Dada Manifesto, Hugo Ball lamented
Robin McCarthy, Birds of a Feather, mixed media with hand-embroidered